Both the phrase and the clause are parts of the sentence. They are both word teams, but there is a major difference between a phrase and a clause.
A clause is a word team in a sentence containing both a subject and a verb. On the other hand, a phrase is a word team in a sentence that has neither subject nor verb.
Here are some examples.
The following four sentences tell a story about the friendship between two North American countries. The first sentence contains two clauses: that is two subjects and predicates, but the remaining three sentences contains just one clause: that is: one subject and predicate.
Note: a sentence may contain just one cause or several clauses.
Campobello is a resort island on the bay of Fundy off the New Brunswick-Maine border line where Franklin D. Roosevelt owned a summer residence.
Clauses in Sentence 1
1. Campobello is a resort island on the bay of Fundy off the New Brunswick-Maine border line
2. where Franklin D. Roosevelt owned a summer residence.
Phrases in Sentence 1
- on the bay
- of Fundy
- off the New Brunswick-Maine border line
The wartime President of the United States visited this little island during the stressful years of the Second World War. (One-clause sentence)
Phrases in Sentence 2
- of the United States
- during the stressful years
- of the Second World War
A cairn of New Brunswick red granite was dedicated to the memory of this great man by his Canadian friends. (One-clause sentence)
Phrases in Sentence 3
- of New Brunswick red granite
- to the memory
- of this great man
- by this Canadian friends.
It stands as another symbol of the friendship between Canada and the United States. (One-clause sentence)
Phrases in Sentence 4
1.as another symbol
2. of the friendship
3.between Canada and the United States