English – Language and Literature

This page was first created on the 10th of March, 2014 and last updated on the 1st of November, 2016 by Patrick Carpen.

Welcome to English by Patrick Carpen. English by Patrick Carpen covers all coursework in English language and literature required by students of schools, colleges and universities across the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and the Caribbean.

English by Patrick Carpen builds from the primary level up to the tertiary level and beyond, in a manner that’s seamless and easy to follow. You can start where it suits you. Each lesson is graded and categorized. For example “English for CXC, Grade 3, Lesson 1”; or “English for CXC, Grade 11, Lesson 10”.

A special section is set aside for vocabulary. Each grade comes with a set of recommended vocabulary lessons prepared and presented by internationally renowned English author Patrick Carpen.

English for CXC

In the English for CXC coursework, you will be heavily exposed to poetry in “exploring poetry” by Patrick Carpen. You’ll learn to read between the lines and turn the words of a poem inside out. You’ll learn from first class explanations how to unlock key words, phrases and expressions which hold within them the essence of poetic language. Literary devices such as symbolism, metaphor, personification and simile will be second nature to you. And more importantly, you’ll learn the difference between symbolism and metaphors and how not to confuse the two.

In English for CXC, you’ll learn how to write short stories for CXC like a breeze. You’ll learn how to craft your stories in a way that engages and entertains. You’ll learn from the master through practical examples. You’ll learn how to put language to use in a way that suits your purpose and audience and how to fan your flickering imagination into a burning flame.

The Parts of Speech

In the English language, we divide all the words we use into eight parts, depending on the work they do in the sentence. Note that although the part of speech for many words are fixed, we should not treat this as a rule. As a rule, we should not assign a part of speech to any word until after it is used in a sentence. After we see how the word has been used in the sentence, we can assign a part of speech to the word based on that usage in the usage in the sentence. In other words, the part of speech we assign to the word will be relevant to that sentence only.

The eight parts of speech to which English words belong are: noun, verb, adverb, pronoun, adjective, conjunction, preposition, interjection. Go to parts of speech.


Vocabulary is your word bank. A good vocabulary will help a speaker to express himself more clearly. A good vocabulary also makes a better reader: you will not stumble over the meaning of words. If you are reading a book and you do not understand the words in the book, you will not catch the full meaning. You will risk getting bored and lost and might quickly put the book down. A good vocabulary will help you all areas of studies: from science, to business to mathematics.

These vocabulary lessons designed by Patrick Carpen are fun and engaging and you will enjoy completing them.

The vocabulary lessons on this website takes the following approach:

  1. Use Direct Words

Direct words gives you exposure the a vast array of words and help you to strengthen your expand your vocabulary. Direct words vocabulary exercises challenges you to choose the right fit for your purpose.

For example, in the sentence: The boy moved across the room., the word “moved” may be replaced by one of the following sentences:

walked, skidded, dashed, crawled, ran, limp.

Direct words vocabulary exercises will help to improve your vocabulary by exposing you to new words.

Latin Roots

The Latin Roots vocabulary exercises will strengthen your vocabulary by teaching Latin root words which are often incorporated into English words. Many of our words stem from Latin Roots

Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes and suffixes change the meaning of root words. In these lessons, you will strengthen your vocabulary by mastering prefixes and suffixes.

Greek Roots

It is a fact that many of our English words are derived from words with Greek Roots. And here you will learn about them. You will be able to guess the meaning of many sophisticated English words by recognizing their Greek Roots.

Exploring Poetry

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