The conjunction is one of the eight basic parts of speech of the English Language. The conjunction is a word or a word team which joins two words, phrases or clauses in a sentence.
There are two types of conjunctions in the English Language:
1. Coordinate conjunctions, examples: and, or, but.
2. Subordinate conjunctions, examples: when, if, before, which, when.
A clause is a group of words which contain both a subject and a verb. The principal clause makes sense by itself, but the subordinate clause depends on the principal clause to complete its meaning.
Here’s an example of a sentence with a principal clause and a subordinate clause:
I will go if they invite me.
Principal clause: I will go.
Subordinate clause: if they invite me.
A conjunction which joins a principal clause to a subordinate clause is called a “subordinate conjunction”.
Here is a list of subordinate conjunctions: after, since, when, although, so that, whenever, as, supposing, where, because, than, whereas, before, that, wherever, but that, though, whether, if, though, which, in order that, till, while, let, lest, unless, who, no matter, until, why, how, what, even though.
Note: The list above may not include ALL subordinate conjunctions in the English Language.
A conjunction which joins two principal clauses in a sentence is called a “coordinate conjunction”. Here is an example of a sentence with two principal clauses joined with a coordinate conjunction:
The rain is falling, and the plants are smiling.
First Principal Clause: The rain is falling.
Second Principal Clause: And the plants are smiling.
Coordinate conjunction: and.
Here is a list of coordinate conjunctions:
Note: The list above may not include ALL the coordinate conjunctions in the English Language.