The Conjunction

Last updated: July 1, 2017 at 0:20 am

join photoThe conjunction is one of the eight basic parts of speech of the English Language. The conjunction is a word or a word team which joins two words, phrases or clauses in a sentence.

There are two types of conjunctions in the English Language:

1. Coordinate conjunctions, examples: and, or, but.

2. Subordinate conjunctions, examples: when, if, before, which, when.

A clause is a group of words which contain both a subject and a verb. The principal clause makes sense by itself, but the subordinate clause depends on the principal clause to complete its meaning.

Here’s an example of a sentence with a principal clause and a subordinate clause:

I will go if they invite me.

Principal clause: I will go.

Subordinate clause: if they invite me.

Conjunction: if.

A conjunction which joins a principal clause to a subordinate clause is called a “subordinate conjunction”.

Here is a list of subordinate conjunctions: after, since, when, although, so that, whenever, as, supposing, where, because, than, whereas, before, that, wherever, but that, though, whether, if, though, which, in order that, till, while, let, lest, unless, who, no matter, until, why, how, what, even though.

Note: The list above may not include ALL subordinate conjunctions in the English Language.

A conjunction which joins two principal clauses in a sentence is called a “coordinate conjunction”. Here is an example of a sentence with two principal clauses joined with a coordinate conjunction:

The rain is falling, and the plants are smiling.

First Principal Clause: The rain is falling.

Second Principal Clause: And the plants are smiling.

Coordinate conjunction: and.

Here is a list of coordinate conjunctions:
and
but
for
nor
or
so
yet
accordingly
in fact
again
instead
also
likewise
besides
moreover
consequently
namely
finally
nevertheless
for example
otherwise
further
still
furthermore
that is
hence
then
however
therefore
indeed

Note: The list above may not include ALL the coordinate conjunctions in the English Language.

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